What You Need to Know About Dental Diseases in Pets

Dental diseases can affect dogs and cats even at a very young age, yet it’s more widespread when they get to midlife. More than 85% of dogs and cats have developed oral issues after six years old.

The three main categories for dental diseases consist of gingivitis, tartar, and pyorrhoea. Gingivitis is the least of issues, and pyorrhoea is the most severe. Treatments can vary from antibiotics to complete dental scaling. Discover more about these issues to advocate dental care for your pets.

Three Categories of Pet Dental Disease


Gingivitis causes swelling of the gum tissues around the teeth; it’s prevalent, every pet has it to some degree in their life. Thus, pets must get routine appointments from their primary veterinarian, who can quickly identify signs of gingivitis.

It is brought on by plaque accumulation on the tooth, like in people. The interaction of food and saliva with bacteria from the mouth causes the release of enzymes that break down the gum tissue, leading to swelling.

Gingivitis can be easily prevented with proper dental hygiene. Nevertheless, if left unattended, it brings about periodontitis or inflammation of the hard tissues around the tooth area.


The plaque build-up in conjunction with gingivitis, if left untreated, may combine with minerals in the mouth that harden like cement; this is called tartar. At some point, tartar will cause decay, gum problems, and other dental issues.

It would help to brush your pet’s teeth daily or thrice a week to address this problem. A change in diet that promotes dental health is also suggested. If you deem that you can not resolve your pet’s issue, a dog dentist should check and treat your pet’s oral problems.


Pyorrhea is the third or final stage of gum disease; it’s an advanced phase that can cause tooth loss if untreated. Pus begins to develop at the bottom of affected teeth and gums. Pyorrhea also causes bad breath, discomfort, and loss of appetite in your pet. The infection can get into the bloodstream and might affect other organs.

Types of Procedures

Full Anesthetic

This is offered when your pet requires moderate to severe treatments; this consists of extractions, scaling, masses, or abscesses. Depending on the doctor’s examination, procedures may contain diagnostic technology services such as radiographs, bloodwork, general anesthesia, and nerve blocks.

Pets that require less intensive cleaning, no extractions, and sensitivity to anesthetics might be given intravenous sedatives or “twilight sedation.”

Non-anesthetic Dentistry (NAD)

This can be done if your vet determines that your pet has the temperament to allow the technician to conduct the treatment without anesthesia. Researches show that it is equal to or even far better than other procedures. It’s likewise more affordable compared with medications.

Dental Care for Pets without Teeth

Chelonians, like turtles and tortoises, have a keratinized horny beak. They need to have a well-balanced diet with abrasive chewing materials to keep their beaks at the proper length. Diet lacking calcium and vitamin D might cause overgrown beaks that need trimming by a veterinarian.

Birds, similar to chelonians, have no teeth. Instead, they have a beak for eating, playing, preening, and climbing. Lack of a well-balanced diet and chewing items leads to overgrowth. Provide birds with crunchy vegetables, nuts, cuttlebones, and wooden toys to help beak wear and prevent overgrowth. Check this for more info regarding exotic vet facilities.


With routine care, you can avoid serious dental health problems in your pets, resulting in severe diseases affecting the kidney, liver, and heart. Remember that the most powerful dental concerns just started probably with gingivitis. This gum disease can be prevented or cured easily but might advance to serious ones if left untreated.

It does not matter if you’re taking care of dogs, felines, or birds; they all need proper care in your house and routine checkups with their vet to ensure optimum health.