Our furry friends bring immense joy to our lives, and keeping them healthy is a top priority. One area that pet owners should pay close attention to is their dog’s eye health. In this article, we will discuss various eye problems that your canine companion may encounter, their signs and symptoms, and what to do if you notice any issues. 

So, let’s dive into pet eye health and determine when you should be concerned.

Signs of Eye Problems in Dogs

Do you know what to look for regarding your dog’s eye health? Other subtle signs might indicate an issue besides the obvious red flags, such as eye discharge or squinting. Some common indicators include excessive tearing, frequent blinking, redness, pawing at the eyes, sensitivity to light, and vision changes. It’s crucial to monitor your pet’s eye health regularly and consult a vet at any hint of an issue.

Common Dog Eye Infections

Eye infections are relatively common in dogs and can affect various parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, conjunctiva, or eye itself. These infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, leading to symptoms like yellow, green, or red discharge, swelling of the eyelids and conjunctiva, hair loss around the eyes, and squinting or closure of the eye(s). If you notice any of these signs, it’s essential to consult a vet, as untreated infections could lead to more severe issues down the road. 

In addition to prescribing medications like eye drops or oral antibiotics, your vet may recommend visiting a trusted pet pharmacy for any necessary supplies to aid in your dog’s recovery. Regular check-ups at veterinary diagnostics laboratories can help proactively identify and manage potential eye infections.

Cherry Eye in Dogs

Cherry eye, characterized by the prolapse of the tear gland on the third eyelid, is a common issue, particularly in brachycephalic (flat-faced) breeds and those with droopy eyelids. If you suspect your dog has a cherry eye, visiting the vet is necessary. They can assess the condition and recommend appropriate treatment, ranging from anti-inflammatory eye drops to surgery for more severe cases. 

Sometimes, your vet may advise seeking veterinary ophthalmology services for specialized pet eye care, ensuring your furry friend receives the best treatment possible.

Glaucoma in Dogs

Glaucoma, a condition marked by increased pressure in the eye, can have severe consequences if left untreated. Early signs to look out for include eye pain, redness, and visible blood vessels on the eye’s white portion. As the condition progresses, your dog’s eye might become larger and more painful, with the cornea appearing cloudy. 

Immediate consultation with a veterinarian is crucial, as they can prescribe medications or recommend a more invasive intervention, such as surgery, to manage the condition.

Conjunctivitis/Pink Eye in Dogs

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is a bacterial infection that affects the moist mucosal tissue around the eye and under the eyelid. Signs of conjunctivitis include:

  • Green or yellow discharge.
  • Squinting or closing the eye.
  • Eye rubbing.
  • Bloodshot or red eyes.

It’s essential to consult a veterinarian, as they can evaluate the condition and prescribe the proper treatment, usually in the form of bacterial eye drops or ointments.

Ectropion in Dogs

Ectropion occurs when the bottom eyelid droops or folds outward, away from the eye, and is more common in breeds such as Bullmastiffs, Bassett Hounds, Bloodhounds, Retrievers, Bulldogs, and Spaniels. While mild ectropion might not pose a problem, it can sometimes result in chronic inflammation, dry eye, and eye infections. 

If you notice any of these signs in your dog, consult your vet to determine if surgery is necessary.

Entropion in Dogs

Entropion is the opposite of ectropion, causing the dog’s eyelid to roll inwards. It can affect the upper and lower eyelids; certain breeds like Chow Chows, English Bulldogs, Irish Setters, Labrador Retrievers, and Shar-Pei are more susceptible. Mild entropion may not cause significant issues, but more severe cases can lead to irritation, injury, infection, or even permanent corneal damage. 

Surgery is usually the best option for correcting entropion in dogs.

Cataracts in Dogs

A cataract is a clouding of the lens, which can affect one or both of your dog’s eyes. Cataracts can be inherited, age-related, or caused by other diseases like diabetes. Advanced cataracts can result in significant vision loss or blindness. If you suspect your dog has a cataract, consult a veterinarian. If necessary, they will assess the severity and offer appropriate treatment options, such as surgery.

Tips for Maintaining Your Dog’s Eye Health

To ensure your dog’s eyes stay healthy, it’s essential to maintain a regular eye care routine: 

  1. Clean your dog’s eyes gently with a clean, damp cloth to remove debris or discharge, and be mindful of any unusual odors or excessive discharge. 
  2. Groom the hair around your dog’s eyes to prevent irritation from loose or long hairs. 
  3. Observe your dog’s behavior for any signs of vision changes or discomfort. 
  4. Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to monitor eye health and detect any issues early. 
  5. Consider seeking veterinary ophthalmology services if your pet has a history of eye problems or if your veterinarian recommends specialized care. 

Sometimes, your pet may require more advanced care, such as pet neurologic surgery, to address issues related to the eyes or the optic nerve. Your veterinarian will guide you to the best course of action in these cases.

The Bottom Line

As pet owners, it’s our responsibility to ensure our furry friends have the best chance at a healthy, happy life. You’ll give your canine companion the care they deserve by regularly monitoring your dog’s eye health and seeking veterinary assistance at any sign of an issue. Be vigilant, be proactive, and always prioritize your pet’s well-being.